Skill Development and Training Programmes

Skill Development and Training Programmes running by Central Government

Under the Skill India and Skill Development, Numbers of Skill Development and Training Programmes are running by Central Government.

M/o Agriculture

  • Department of Agriculture Research & Education

  • Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries




Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme Target Group Duration of Training (long-term / Short-term)
Training in Agricultural Extension (21 training centres), Training in use of Agricultural Implements & machinery, Soil Conservation Training Centre, LFQC&TI, NPPTI, Cooperative Education and Training. Person engaged in Agricultural institutions and support services, members of cooperatives and Farmers. Under KVK, 550/589 districts are covered. Short term courses
Under the University stream, various (12) under-graduate, post-graduate and Ph.D. courses are offered (DARE). Students with Qualifications as usual under University stream of education. U.G. courses – 4 years (except for veterinary courses i.e. of 5 years), P.G. courses – 2 years and Ph.D. as usual.
There is one Central Agricultural University, thirty-one State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) and four National Institutes of Indian Council of Agricultural Research having the status of Deemed to be university. Students with Qualifications as usual. As usual.
ICAR also arranges need based training programmes in any of State Agricultural University or ICAR Institutes in new and emerging areas. Individual scientists or groups of scientists. One week to three months (or longer duration, as fixed).
CIFNET – Regular courses (2) and special training courses (14) 10th Standard students 6-18 months
CIFNET – Refresher courses (4) Lecturers/in-service 4 weeks
CIFNET – Other Organizations viz college including engineering and foreign nationals (14) 3 days to 14 weeks




M/o Food Processing Industries

Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme Target Group Duration of Training (long-term / Short-term)
Grants were provided to NGOs for setting up of 326 Food Processing & Training Centres (FPTCs) during 1992-93 to 2000-01. Persons living in rural areas with preference being given to women, SC, ST and other weaker sections of society
Institutions like Central Food Technology Research Institute, Paddy Processing Research Centre, PHTC, Council of Entrepreneurial Development Programme (EDP) are also running training courses. Mainly persons in Food Processing Industry Short term
Person power development in rural areas (FPTC Scheme) Open Short term
Entrepreneurship Development Programme Open Short term
Programmes for development of human resources in food processing, testing, training, quality management etc. Candidates aspiring to be Managers, technician/ technologists, and entrepreneurs AICTE approved diploma/degree courses’ durations as usual (Long-term)

M/o Health & Family Welfare

Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme Target Group Duration of Training (long-term / Short-term)
Basic Training of multipurpose health worker (Female & Male)

  • 478 ANM/ MPW(F) Training Centres
  • 28 HFWTC & 30 Basic MPWA(M) Schools
Educated youth with minimum 10th pass 12 to 18 months
Promotional training of Female Health Assistant in 42 training centres. Training is also provided by Safdarjung Hospital, St. John Ambulance, NTCP, NPCB, NMHP, NACP, INC, CBHI, CLTRI, PWTRC, ECH etc. Persons working in Health & family Welfare programme Short term




M/o Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises

Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme Target Group Duration of Training (long-term / Short-term)
Counselling, Retraining and Redeployment of Rationalized Workers of CPSEs (Formerly NRF) Workers who opt for voluntary retirement, rendered surplus or retrenched from CPSEs Short term courses

M/o Human Resource Development

Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme Target Group Duration of Training (long-term / Short-term)
Vocationalisation of Secondary Education (6800 schools covered) Student having passed 10th class 2 years
Polytechnics (1244) + Institutions for diploma in pharmacy (415), hotel management (63), architecture (25) 10th pass 3 years diploma
Community Polytechnic Scheme (675 CPs) Poorer section of society in both rural and urban areas (3 to 6 months)
Jan Shikshan Sansthan (157 Vocational Training Centres run by NGOs offering more than 250 courses) Disadvantaged groups of adults. Priority is given to adult neoliterates/ semi-literates, SC and ST, women/girls, oppressed, migrants, slum/ pavement dwellers and working children Need Based (1- 4 weeks)
Support For Distance Education & Web Based Learning (NPTEL) Engineering and physical sciences under-graduates/post graduates in the country; all teachers/faculties in science and engineering Universities in India (Designing course material – time bound project)
National Institute of Open Schooling – Distance Vocational Education Programmes [Practical training through Accredited Vocational Institutes (AVIs)] School leavers with 5th, 7th,,8th and 10th pass 6 months to 2 years
Apprenticeship Training for student of +2 Vocational stream Students passing out of +2 Vocational stream One year
National Programme on Earthquake Engineering Education (NPEEE) Recognized engineering colleges/ polytechnics and schools of architecture having related academic degree or diploma programme Faculty development through short-term crash programmes and long-term programmes




D/o Information Technology

Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme Target Group Duration of Training (long-term / Short-term)
DOEACC – ‘O’ level Students or working persons with 10+2 pass Flexible duration for passing examination
CEDTI It conducts courses in the field of Electronics, Telecommunications, IT, Process Control & Instrumentation Short term courses

M/o Labour (DGET)

Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme Target Group Duration of Training (long-term / Short-term)
Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS) (5114 ITIs) School leavers with 8th, 10th and 12th pass One to Three years
Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS) (20,800 establishments) School leavers with 8th, 10th and 12th pass or national Trade Certificate (from NCVT) Holder 6 months to 4 years
Crafts Instructor Training Scheme (CITS) (6 Institutes) Instructors of it is 1 year
Advanced Vocational Training Scheme and Hi-tech Training Scheme (65 centres) Industrial Workers/ Technicians Short Term courses
Supervisory Training (2 institutes) Supervisors from Industry Long and short term
Women Training Institutes(11 institutes) Women (School leavers, Instructors and others) Long and short term
Central Staff Training and Research Institute Training Executives and Principals Short Term
Model Training Institutes and Model Industrial Training Institutes School leavers with 8th, 10th and 12th pass One to Three years

M/o Rural Development

Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme Target Group Duration of Training (long-term / Short-term)
National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD) Conducts about 150 programmes Practicing Manager in rural development Short term Courses
Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) Focus is on the vulnerable groups among the rural poor. SC/ STs should account for a minimum of 50%, women for 20% and disabled for 3% of the total swarozgaris during a year. Need based short term

M/o MSME [Small Industries Development Organisation (SIDO)]

Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme Target Group Duration of Training (long-term / Short-term)
Entrepreneurship Development Programme, Skill Development Programme (SDP),Management Development Programme
It has 72 institutes/ bodies.

  • SSSI – 30
  • Br. SSSI- 28
  • RTC – 4
  • Tool Rooms – 8
  • PPDC – 2
  • Workers
  • Educated unemployed youth
  • Entrepreneurs
Both short term and long term

Khadi & Village Industries Corporation

Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme Target Group Duration of Training (long-term / Short-term)
51 Training Centres run 35 types of programmes Unemployed rural youths, In-job Artisans/Supervisors working in KVI instts, Prospective Entrepreneurs, beneficiaries of different Govt. Schemes desirous of undertaking KVI activities. 2 months to 12 months

M/o Social Justice & Empowerment

Schemes/ Programmes/ Institutions having provision for Vocational Education and Training programme Target Group Duration of Training (long-term / Short-term)
National Institute of Mentally Handicapped, National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped, Institute for Physically Handicapped, National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation, National Scheme of Liberation and Rehabilitation of Scavengers and their Dependents, National Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation, Rehabilitation Council of India Disadvantaged and marginalized sections of the society viz., SC, Minorities, B.C., Persons with disabilities, Aged Persons, Street children and victims of Drug Abuse etc.
  • Short term training upto six months duration
  • Orientation Programmes upto one week duration

About the author

Sumit Kumar

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